luke 14 commentary

Luke was a doctor (Colossians 4:14). Luke 14:26. The first invitation (Luke 14:16) was the call of the Hebrews to be the chosen people and to receive the promises made to Abraham. "2nd. p. 415. Mark had used the following teaching of Jesus for a purpose quite different from Luke’s and had situated the incident in a different context. Dropsy was a retention of fluid that resulted in swelling (the term is from the root for "water"). Luke 14:2 And there in front of Him was a man suffering from dropsy. "They simply enforce the one idea that it is folly to undertake a serious business (here, becoming a disciple of Christ), without counting the cost.[39]. Bib. Persecution tends to produce much mischief and confusion in the world. "[42], This passage has no bearing whatever upon the doctrine of the final perseverance of the saints, or impossibility of apostasy; but that does not prevent the allegation that it does. THE OVERTURE TO LUKE-ACTS. And he that bade thee and him shall come and say to thee, Give this man place; and then thou shalt begin with shame to take the lowest place. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1962), Vol. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House (). The invitation for Jesus to have a sabbath meal, the dramatic appearance of a man with dropsy, and the presence of many distinguished guests "had been carefully preconcerted among the Pharisees as a trap for Jesus. Christ heals a man ill of the dropsy, on a Sabbath day. All found some pretence to put off their attendance. It is fit neither for the land nor for the dunghill; men cast it out. In addition to referring to a public inn or lodging place, the same Greek word, kataluma, used in our text-verse, at times refers simply to a guest room in a private home (Mark 14:14; Luke 22:11). 2 There in front of him was a man suffering from abnormal swelling of his body. on StudyLight.org 4 But they remained silent Especially among the leaders, a malignant carnality had distorted their thoughts of what God's kingdom would be; and, for that reason, they insultingly rejected Christ. [14] Alfred Plummer, The Gospel according to St. Luke (New York: T and T Clark, 1922), in loco. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. EATING BREAD WITH PHARISEES. LUKE 14 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Jesus at a Pharisee’s House 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. "[8], Of course, all eyes were fixed upon Jesus; as the previous verse said, "They were watching him." cit., p. 397. Because God is concerned about our daily lives, Jesus expressed His concern about the ordinary and practical aspects of daily living as well as the deeper and more profound truths about God. Commentary on Luke 4:14-30 View Bible Text . The occasion is a wedding banquet for a son in Matthew, a "great banquet" in Luke. The word used for watching in the text means "interested and sinister espionage."[9]. CHAPTER 14. [11] Herschel H. Hobbs, An Exposition of the Gospel of Luke (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1966), p. 227. Had they not indeed usurped the chief seats in the theocracy for themselves, the honor always going not to the worthy, but to the arrogant usurper? Luke 14. For every one that exalteth himself shall be humbled; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many: And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready. And another said, I have married a wife and therefore I cannot come. And it came to pass, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him. 14. The two books amount to a quarter of the NT. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House. Who is this, if not Christ? And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. Geldenhuys said this means "One should not invite such persons EXCLUSIVELY. Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor. And He didn’t like what He saw. And his doctrine also, as well as his example, has taught us to be harmless as doves; to love our enemies; to do good to them that hate us; and pray for them that despitefully use and persecute us.". Such a second invitation was customary in the East, and it would have been a serious breach of etiquette to have omitted it, a breach that Plummer described as "equivalent to canceling the more general invitation. [21] H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Luke (Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1940), p. 285. The chief seats ... As Plummer said, "In the mixture of Jewish, Roman, Greek and Persian cultures at that time, we cannot be sure which were the `chief seats'"[14] The Talmud ranked three seats on a couch by making the center chief, the one on the right second, and the one on the left third! Countless thousands of people were following Jesus, but the vast majority of them had no practical understanding of what following Jesus actually entailed. 1 It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him….. When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him. We hear the setting for the story in 14:1. We must carry our own cross (14:27). Luke wrote two books of the *New Testament (NT). This will be the effect of persecution where it is yielded to; and where it is opposed (as it must often be by upright and conscientious men, who have the greater claim upon the protection and favor of government) the mischievous consequences of its fury will be more flagrant and shocking. 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. The book of Acts contains passages in which the author includes himself as a companion of Paul (‘we’ in Acts 16:10-17; 20:5-21:18; 27:1-28:16). This is what man SHOULD do, regardless of the fact that all men find themselves unable, absolutely, to live up to this ethic, thus making the passage similar to the command, "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your heavenly Father is perfect" (Matthew 5:48). Question: "What is the meaning of the Parable of the Great Banquet (Luke 14:15-24)?" And he took him, and healed him, and let him go. Answer: The Jews purchased and prepared the best viands they could procure for the Sabbath day, in order to do it honor. 1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.. 2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.. 3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?. 2 There in front of him was a man suffering from abnormal swelling of his body. 2 There was a man there whose arms and legs were swollen. BARNES, "It came to pass - It so happened or occurred. As Barclay suggested, "Many a man has decided to burn his clubs after watching the Golf Open Championship. Luke 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is filled with great exegesis and written by the best British Bible scholars of the time. It should be noted that in Luke 14:8 preceding, Jesus begins with the postulate of being invited to a "marriage feast"; and since the feast where this admonition was spoken was not that kind of feast, it is not amiss to look for the analogy Jesus had in mind. Hence, the situation demands that an ambassage be sent and peace negotiated, and with whom? And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. The cause of truth itself must, humanly speaking, be not only obstructed, but destroyed, should persecuting principles universally prevail. Like any other passage in the Bible, this one cannot be understood or applied if contextual information is ignored. If the Sabbath be a festival, let it be observed unto the Lord; and let no unnecessary acts be done; and avoid that bane of religious solemnity, giving and receiving visits on the Lord's day. The illustration as here given by Christ posed no impossibility at all. "[37] Therefore, Jesus' mention of bearing a "cross" could not have failed, in the audience which heard him, to mean the most horrible of deaths. The governor asked; How it came to pass that, after having broken open the treasury, he took nothing away? [16] Norval Geldenhuys, op. All of them perish by things in themselves lawful. The great London preacher, Spurgeon, made these the sum and all of true faith. "In a modern democratic society in which public political rhetoric emphasizes that all are (created) equal, it is easy to miss the emphasis of Jesus' teaching in his own … Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee — Being more abundantly strengthened after his conflict; and prepared to exercise his ministry with success, and to confirm his doctrine by miracles. Luke: The Man Christ Jesus. R. Allenson, Inc., 1950), p. 257. In Luke 14, Jesus was invited to eat dinner at the home of an important Pharisee. Luke 14 commentary 1. A more honorable man than thou ... What an irony is this! Boles insisted that "These are not flimsy and ridiculous excuses, as some have sought to make them, but the most important excuses that could be given. And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them. The cross was an implement of slow, tortuous death. Notwithstanding the obscurity of the place, he observed, in walking forward, something that sparkled a little: supposing it to be some precious stones, he put his hand on the place, and taking up something, touched it with his tongue, and found it to be salt. 14. A man might as reasonably expect to bind an immaterial spirit with a cord, or to beat down a wall with an argument, as to convince the understanding by threats and tortures. [24] Matthew Henry and Thomas Scott, Commentary on the Holy Bible (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1960), Vol. International Bible Lessons Commentary. And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy. And what an overwhelming cost that is! Luke shared Paul’s work (Philemon, verse 24). John Wesley, also, like practically all commentators on this passage, diminished the impact of it in this manner: "That is, I do not bid thee call thy friends or thy neighbors. The use of the metaphor here is different from that in Matthew. Trench explained what was probably in the mind of that guest who thus spoke in Jesus' presence: Such a carnal view of God's kingdom was wrong, of course; but there was an even greater wrong in the assumption of the guest that himself and all the other Jews would enjoy such a messianic banquet to the exclusion of all others, especially Gentiles. Commentary for Luke 14 . A significant difference appears in the fact that the first of these two parables regards building, and this regards fighting, the same being two phases of the Christian life. EXEGESIS: LUKE 14:1-6. "Jesus did not condemn this act of mercy (to animals); but he did condemn their attitude toward men."[11]. Jesus in Galilee. In view of the opposition of the Pharisees and rulers to Jesus, it is a little surprising that he should have been invited and that he should have accepted such an invitation; but this is clear in the light of two considerations. But when you give a feast, invite the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. Significantly, Jesus answered not the words of his watchers, but their thoughts. Thus Jesus identified himself with the Father in heaven and himself as the one giving the supper, and the supper as the kingdom he came to set up. On this blessed day, let every man eat his bread with gladness and singleness of heart, praising God. And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath, or not? This section of Luke (Luke 14:1-17:10) is made up practically altogether of "material which Luke alone reports. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House. We live in a day where the doctrine of self-esteem is assumed to be a basic “Christian” belief. In the light of this, who is truly a disciple of Jesus? The Lord had naturally included his host in the remarks addressed to the guests; but he reserved a very special word for the host himself. Persecution is absurd, as being by no means calculated to answer the end which its patrons profess to intend by it; namely, the glory of God, and the salvation of men. In Luke 14:1, 7-14, the social matrix of first-century life is on display, and we hear Jesus speak into this matrix both with communal wisdom and unexpected, even astonishing, advice. And they could not answer again unto these things. EATING BREAD WITH PHARISEES . Commentary on Luke 14:1, 7-14. This renewal of the invitation (Luke 14:17) through Christ and his apostles was the final call of Israel to the feast of the kingdom of God. The servant = God's messengers such as the Twelve and the Seventy. The scene is Jesus in the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees. 1 It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him…. Orient. For, even upon the supposition that in some countries it might tend to promote and establish the purity of the Gospel, yet it must surely be a great impediment to its progress. And the servant came and told his lord these things. The truly difficult part of the requirement in view here is in the words, "yea, and his own life also," Loving the Lord more than self is the plan of salvation. See several proofs in Lightfoot. Luke 2:8-20 is an account of the shepherds who first heard the good news of Jesus’ birth.The second section can be broken into two smaller parts as follows: 2:8-14 (the angels’ announcement) and 2:15-20 (the shepherds’ response). Men must bid farewell to the dearest earthly ties, mortify the lusts of the flesh, set their affections on heavenly things, and subordinate all earthly prospects to the will of the Master. So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. "[15] For further comment on the grace of humility, see under Matthew 23:12 in my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 23:11-12. Luke 12:14 - But He said to him, 'Man, who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?' And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day? BARNES, "It came to pass - It so happened or occurred. Persecution is much more likely to make men hypocrites than sincere converts. He immediately left the treasury, without taking the smallest article with him! At the beginning of our conversion, usually during counseling for baptism, we are asked to consider Luke 14:26-33 seriously. Whatever were accounted the most honorable seats, there was a vulgar scramble among the guests on that occasion, each man jockeying with others for the better places. Or what king, as he goeth to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? Loyalty to any other person or thing at the expense of loyalty to Christ constitutes idolatry. Luke 14. D'Herbelot. [21] H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Luke (Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1940), p. 285. In analyzing the Parable of the Great Supper (Luke 14:15-24), we must consider the two parables that precede it: the Parables of the Ambitious Guest (verses 7-11) and the Feast (verses 12-14).Although all three are spoken at the same time in the same house, Jesus describes three different occasions: a wedding, a feast, and a great supper. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?” 4 But they remained silent. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not? ) Certainly not with Satan? The cross was not an implement of irritation or inconvenience. 1 One Sabbath day Jesus went to eat dinner in the home of a leader of the Pharisees, and the people were watching him closely. Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish. How glorious a prize! Study the bible online using commentary on Luke 14 and more! He no longer addressed a servant (as did the lord in the parable), but said, "I say unto you (plural)," meaning those very men in his presence, that "none of those that were bidden (and refused) shall taste of my supper." V, p. 451. It was well known that the Pharisees would indeed do such things on the sabbath; and here Christ pointed out the first of three reversed ethics in the Pharisees' thinking, the first being that they valued property above a man. Boles' comment on this is: "It is far better to give to relieve the distressed than to set a feast to those who do not need it. It has been often noted that there was really no compelling reason behind any of the excuses. The men of Nineveh and the Queen of the South, separated by centuries of time, will nevertheless arise in judgment with the contemporary generation of Jesus (Matthew 12:41,42). But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. Theophylact understood "the servant" to be none other than the Suffering Servant, Jesus himself; and others have supposed him to represent John the Baptist; but Trench is obviously correct. A list of the best commentaries on Luke ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Luke 14:1-24.HEALING OF A DROPSICAL MAN, AND MANIFOLD TEACHINGS AT A SABBATH FEAST. And he sent forth his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready. Luke 14:33. Luke 14 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Luke 14:1-14 Jesus the Confronter - Steven Cole; Luke 14:1-6 The Healing Savior vs the Hypocritical System - John MacArthur; Luke 14:1-6 The Way Our Lord Kept the Sabbath - R A Torrey; ANOTHER SABBATH DAY CONFRONTATION. "The only restriction upon those feasts was that the food had to be cooked the day before."[6]. Persecution for conscience' sake, that is, inflicting penalty upon men merely for their religious principles or worship, is plainly founded on a supposition that one man has a right to judge for another in matters of religion, which is manifestly absurd, and has been fully proved to be so by many excellent writers of our Church. The fullness of time had come. With this word to the host, Jesus pinpointed the third of three distortions, or reverse ethics, which marked the conduct of his hearers. "[12] There is no New Testament example of an episode in which the Pharisees were able to answer Jesus' words in open debate. A little later, Jesus would return to this same subject by relating the story of the Pharisee and the publican (Luke 18:9ff); but here he announced the eternal ethic of humility. website. September 1, 2013. What if he were to go abroad into the world among Papists, if he be a Protestant; among Mohammedans if he be a Christian? Luke 14:7-24 (Luke 14:7) When he noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a parable. Luke 12:14 - But He said to him, 'Man, who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?' No man is wise in any ultimate sense, good in any heavenly sense, or powerful in any eternal sense. Jesus Heals on the Sabbath. Luke 2:1-7 is an account of the birth of Jesus. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go; Commentary on Luke 14:1, 7-14. Ian Mackervoy. 14 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. Luke 4:14-16. [6] Charles L. Childers, Beacon Bible Commentary (Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 1964), p. 546. What wise heathen or Mohammedan prince would ever admit Christian preachers into his dominions, if he knew it was a principle of their religion that as soon as the majority of the people were converted by arguments, the rest, and himself with them, if he continued obstinate, must be proselyted or extirpated by fire and sword? There is evident a progressive unwillingness to attend in the excuses offered: (1) One pleads necessity; (2) the next pleads his will not to go; and (3) the third said flatly, "I cannot," but did not bother to ask any release from his obligation. First, as Barclay said, "Jesus never refused any man's invitation to hospitality, ... and never abandoned hope of men. And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come. cit., p. 757. Luke 14 commentary 1. The background against which Jesus spoke these words proves this to be true. Went into the house of one of the rulers ... And they could not answer again unto these things. Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Jesus declares that leadership requires humble service to others, as we see in three additional passages. Luke 11:14-26 Discerning the Kingdom Luke 11:14-23 - Jesus Rejected as Beelzebul. The most wholesome and nutritive food should be then procured if possible; that both body and soul may feel the influence of this Divine appointment, and give God the glory of his grace. Luke 14:2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy. (1-6) He teaches humility. [4] J. S. Lamar, The New Testament Commentary, Vol. The anger of the master of the house is the same as the anger of the king (Matthew 22:7), and in both parables it is the anger of God for their rejection of the Son of God which is indicated. In Luke 14:5, it was love of property elevated over love of men; in Luke 14:7, it was pride and conceit elevated above humility; and here in these verses it was selfishness elevated above genuine hospitality. Undoubtedly he would complain of this as a very great hardship, and soon see the absurdity and injustice of such a treatment when it fell upon him, and when such measure as he would mete to others was measured to him again. One main lesson is emphasized in these scriptures: the nature and influence of true discipleship. cit., p. 391. "The law did not condemn such acts of mercy; and they undoubtedly saw the point of the Master's question."[10]. These words are a definite suggestion that God intends to redeem from earth "a certain number of souls." or denoting ill, and τηρεω, to observe, watch. They were behaving very badly, as we will see. This is even more than Paul wrote. cit., p. 276. I would ask the advocate of wholesome severities, how he would relish his own arguments if turned upon himself? II (Cincinnati, Ohio: Chase and Hall, 1877), p. 191. Meals are important in Luke-Acts. "He desired to check this light-hearted manner of following him, ... so he lays down the absolute demands for everyone who wishes to be his disciples. Commentary, Luke 14:1, 7-14, Emerson Powery, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2013. Luke 14:15-24 Commentary The Parable of the Great Banquet 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, "Blessed are those who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God." On the subject referred to this place from Luke 14:23, Compel them to come in, which has been adduced to favor religious persecution, I find the following sensible and just observations in Dr. Dodd's notes. All of the details of this parable and the one following are inert factors. The story in Luke’s Gospel was told at a dinner that Jesus attended. Confiding in the promise of Dirhem, Yacoub appeared. The governor finding in the morning that the treasury had been broken open, and that nothing was carried off, ordered it to be published, that "Whoever the robber was who had broke open the treasury, if he declared himself, he should be freely pardoned, and that he should not only receive no injury, but should be received into the good graces of the governor." Luke’s interest was not historical. For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have, Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish. This parable represents the absurdity of those who undertook to be disciples of Christ, without considering what difficulties they were to meet with, and what strength they had to enable them to go through with the undertaking. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not? ) Then He also said to him who invited Him, "When you give a dinner or a supper, do not ask your friends, your brothers, your relatives, nor rich neighbors, lest they also invite you back, and you be repaid. Luke 14:25-33 Cost of discipleship Luke 14:34-35 The discarded salt Luke 15:1-10 Parable of lost & found Luke 15:11-32 Lost son restored Luke 16:1-8 The dishonest manager Luke 16:9-15 Some shrewd advice Luke 16:16-18 God's unchangeable law So then every one of you This clause shows what is meant by the calculation of expenses, with which Christ enjoins his followers to begin: it is to lead them to consider that they must forsake all In vain do persons who are delighted with an easy, indolent life, and with exemption from the cross, undertake a profession of Christianity. He was a loyal friend. That cooled their superficial ardor; and the same effect was achieved by Jesus in this multitude through the equally hard sayings of the next paragraph. [3] Adam Clarke, Commentary on the Whole Bible (New York: Carlton and Porter, 1829), Vol. Luke 14:3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day? In the following parable, Jesus moved to correct such false views and to warn that his hearers were in danger of missing the kingdom of God altogether. Luke’s account of Jesus visit to the synagogue at Nazareth is based on Mark 6:1-6 (as is Matthew 13:54-58), but there are significant differences that transform Luke’s account into a different story with a different purpose. They can do this in two ways: (1) They can consider the facts. In prison, Paul says, ‘only Luke is with me’ (2 Timothy 4:11). Among the Turks, if a man only taste salt with another, he holds himself bound, in the most solemn manner, never to do that person any injury. The Messenger of the Covenant had arrived and would shortly make an atonement for sin. The parable had an application to Israel. [22] J. R. Dummelow, op. … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 2:1-14 [15-20]" And he said to him also that had bidden him, When thou makest dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, nor thy kinsmen, nor rich neighbors; lest haply they also bid thee again and a recompense be made thee. Jesus replies that the greatest is the one who welcomes a child in his name. Matthew 22:1-14 relates a similar parable, with several differences. "[21] A man is not in the true sense hospitable who entertains only those who can entertain him. "[29] As far as these excuses may be weighed as justifying the refusal of those bidden to attend the feast, they are worthless and therefore ridiculous; but from the standpoint of the carnal man, they did pertain to the things men of the world hold to be most important: real estate, business, and family relations. Raphelius, on Mark 3:2, has proved from a variety of authorities that this is a frequent meaning of the word: - clam et insidiose observare, quid alter agat - to observe privately and insidiously what another does. "[38] The Saviour's teaching here is that the endeavor should be attempted in full view of the enormous cost of it. And he said unto them, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a well, and will not straightway draw him up on a sabbath day? Christ heals a man on the sabbath. Luke 14, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work

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